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Stanford Seminars on Japan & China on Feb. 1, 2017 [Report]

Stanford Seminars on Japan and China

Date: February 1(W), 2017
Venue: Philippines Conference Room, Encina Hall, Stanford Univeristy

1) 12:00-1:30pm
"Corporate Governance Reform in Japan": Japan Colloquium Series
Speaker: Hideaki Miyajima (Waseda University)
Moderator/Commentator: Takeo Hoshi (FSI, Stanford University)
(From seminar abstract):
Since Abenomics launched corporate governance reforms as the third arrow of its policies mix, a series of reform measures were introduced such as Stewardship Code, Corporate Governance Code, organizing JPX 400 by Tokyo Stock Exchange. In this presentation, first, recent changes of governance arrangement in Japanese firms are summarized, and some agenda for further reforms is suggested.
Prof. Hideaki Miyajima:
(Miyao's report):
Very informative presentation about recent developments in corporate governance reform in Japan. A more detailed account of current issues on this subject matter should be found in Prof. Miyajima's forthcoming book "Corporate Governance and Growth Strategy" (「企業統治と成長戦略」to be published soon, as he pointed out. From the viewpoint of economic theorists like myself, it was quite interesting to hear from him that the current "hybrid" arrangement of Japanese corporate organization, combining the traditional "Japan model" and the "US model" of corporate governance, appears to be stable, contrary to theoretical intuition. Prof. Miyajima did not provide an explanation about this stability property, other than saying that many of the Japanese representative firms seem to have been in some hybrid situation for more than a decade without showing any sign to go to either the purely Japanese or US model. Hopefully in his forthcoming book, at least some more detailed, especially theoretical, account will be presented to persuade both theorists and empiricists on this matter.

2) 4:30-6:00pm
"A 'Comprehensive and Cooperative Partnership'?: Assessing China's Role in Latin America": Asia-Pacific Research Center Event
Speaker: Harold Trinkunas (Center for Int'l Security & Cooperation, Stanford)
Moderator/Commentator: Thomas Fingar (FSI, Stanford Univ.)
(From seminar abstract):
Latin American trade with China has grown exponentially since 2000. Major loans and investments also add to China’s growing role in the region’s economy. China has become an important alternative for capital, trade and technology for Latin America, but without the policy conditionality that regional governments have traditionally experienced in relations with developed countries. As part of a project on China-Latin American relations at the Brookings Institution, Harold Trinkunas assesses how China’s growing economic relations actually influence politics and policies across the region.
Harold Trinkunas:
Thomas Fingar:
(Miyao's report):
Very comprehensive and balanced analysis of China's political, economic, and strategic influence in the Latin American region. However, the bottom line conclusion of the speaker's (and the commentator's) argument was something like "China's influence on Latin America in the foreseeable future would be more limited than generally perceived, regardless of what happens to the both Chinese and American sides (even under the Trump administration), in view of the long-term relationship between Latin America and the advanced Western countries, especially the US, still dominating Latin American economies," a view which is not so easily subscribed to by Asian observers like myself, who are more concerned about China's hegemony in Asia and the Pacific-rim region including some Latin American countries, especially in the aftermath of the failure of TPP. as I questioned to these two specialists, who answered my question by saying that the US could effectively deal with Pacific-rim nations even in a bilateral fashion, as US President Trump suggested. We all hope so.

2016 Mini-Conference on Disasters and Recovery [Report]

2016 Mini-Conference on Disasters and Recovery@University of Tokyo

Date/Time: December 19, 2016, 9:30am-17:15pm
Place: University of Tokyo, Kojima Hall, Seminar Room No. 1
Yasuyuki Sawada, Univ. of Tokyo and Daniel P. Aldrich, Northeastern Univ.
9:30-9:40 Conference Welcome from Prof. Yasuyuki Sawada
Session 1: 9:40-12:10 Chair, Yasuyuki Sawada
(Left) Toru Tsuboya, Tohoku Univ. "Types of disaster damage and change in depressive symptoms among survivors in Iwanuma, Miyagi"; (Right) Naoki Kondo, Tokyo Univ. "Disasters, economic crisis and social capital: evidence from social epidemiology"
(Left) Daniel Aldrich, Northeastern Univ. "How social capital matters during and after disasters"; (Right) Q&A session
Session 2; 12:50-17:15 Chair, Daniel P. Aldrich
(Left) Jamie Lien, Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, "Major earthquake experiences and presently-focused expenditures"; (Right) Yuki Higuchi, Nagoya City Univ. "Disaster aid targeting and political connection: Evidence from the Philippines"
(Left) Yasuyuki Sawada, Tokyo Univ. "Disaster and preference: A united thery and evidence from the Philippines and Japan"; (Right) Masaharu Tsubokura, Tokyo Univ. "Medical assistance for the 23km zone after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear disaster"
(Left) Minhaj Mahmud, BRAC Univ., "Natural disaster and risk sharing behavior: Experimental evidence from Bangladesh”; (Right) Yasuyuki Sawada, Tokyo Univ., Closing Remarks

日本人学生の課題と解決策:JUNBAメンバー聞き取り調査結果と提言 [報告]




1. 日本学術振興会サンフランシスコ研究連絡センター
2. 龍谷大学バークレーセンターRUBeC
3. 早稲田大学サンフランシスコオフィスki
4. 大阪大学北米センター
5. 九州大学カリフォルニアオフィス
6. 福岡工業大学カリフォルニア事務所



1) 文化(心理)的な理由(発言を奨励する文化と抑制する文化の差が大きい)
2) 表現上(英語)の理由(発言・発表の仕方が特に英語では分からない)

1: 文化(心理)的な問題の解決策:提言

A) 個人レベルの対策:
1: 日米では発言や発表についての文化(評価)差があることをよく分からせる。
2: 参加した活動について自分を評価する点と反省する点を客観的に書かせる。
3: 自分の発言を録音させて、それを聞いて自ら良かった点と反省点を分らせる。

B) 仲間・友人レベルの対策:
1: 仲間や友人どうしでお互いの長所や良い点などを話し合うように奨励する。
2: 「他己紹介」などによって、自らが客観的にどう見られているかを知らせる。
3: 米国人の友人を作らせて、発言・発表の態度や方法の違いを分からせる。

C) 大学レベルの対策:
1: 大学や教員や職員がすべて自分たちに自信と誇りをもち(特に縦のランキングでなく、横の特長
2: 大学レベルで発言・発表などによる参加態度を評価するシステムを作る。
3: 海外で学生たちの心理状態をモニターして、必要ならばカウンセリングを行う。
2: 英語表現上の問題の解決策:マニュアル


I . 質問のしかた:「どのように質問したらいいでしょうか」

Ia. 段階1:一番簡単にできる質問
“Could you please explain a little more about…….?”
(このような相手により詳しい説明を求める”clarifying questions”は、アメリカでは相手が発言や発表をしている最中でも許される)

Ib. 段階2:次に簡単でよくなされる質問
“In relation to what you said, what do you think about……”

Ic. 段階3:ある程度準備が必要だが「実のある」質問
“What do you think of a counter-argument to your opinion like……?” or
“What do you think about an argument contrary to what you said like…”
→ ディベートで意見を戦わせる際にも必要な準備。

II. 「質問」する際に注意しましょう

IIa. 注意点1:「準備」が大切

IIb. 注意点2:「見栄え」が大切
(恐る恐る小さな声で「すみませんが・・・」(sorryとかexcuse me)ということは禁物、

IIc. 注意点3:「形式」(礼儀・プロトコール)が大切
“Thank you very much for your great presentation today. I learned a lot.”

III. 発表のしかた:「どのように発表したらいいでしょうか」

IIIa. 準備1:発表の「ポイント(結論)」を最初に明確にする
“I would like to talk about……and my main point (conclusion) is…...”

IIIb. 準備2:自分の発表内容の「独自性」を強調する
“My argument (analysis) is…, while the existing argument (analysis) is..”

IIIc. 準備3:自分の「主観的」な意見・解釈と「客観的」な事実・分析を分ける
“My opinion is different from others, as my interpretation of the existing data is different.”

IV. 「発表」する際に注意しましょう

IVa. 注意点1:「コミュニケーション」が大切

IVb. 注意点2:「パフォーマンス」が大切

IVc. 注意点3:「プロトコール」(形式・礼儀)が大切
“Thank you very much, Mr (Prof)…, for your kind invitation (introduction)”

Visit to SF Bay Area (Oct. 18-20): SFベイエリア訪問(10月18日~20日) [Photos/写真]

Visit to SF Bay Area (Oct. 18-20): SFベイエリア訪問(10月18日~20日)

Day 1: October 18(T) ; 1日目:10月18日(火)

Visiting Berkeley; バークレー訪問
Visits: JSPS SF Office; 日本学術振興会オフィス(
Ryukoku Univ. Office; 龍谷大オフィス

From Berkeley to Downtown SF; バークレーからダウンタウンSFへ
Visits: Osaka Univ. Office; 大阪大オフィス:遠隔講義 (
Waseda Univ. Office; 早大オフィス (
Day 2: October 19(W); 2日目:10月19日(水)

Visiting Stanford University; スタンフォード大学訪問
Stanford Seminar: セミナー参加:

Back to Downtown SF/JapanTown; ダウンタウンSFのジャパンタウン
Day 3: October 20 (Th); 3日目:10月20日(木)

Drive down to San Jose (Campbell) ; サンノゼ(キャンベル)へ
Visit: Kyushu Univ. Office; 九州大オフィス

Drive up to Alameda; アラミダへ
Visit: Fukuoka Inst. of Tech; 福岡工大オフィス

Stanford Event: Nuclear Safety And Security In Northeast Asia: A Panel Discussion [Report]

Nuclear Safety And Security In Northeast Asia: A Panel Discussion (October 19, 2016)
Sponsored by: Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center

Date/Time: October 19(W), 12:00-1:30pm
Venue: Bechtel Conference Center, Encina Hall, Stanford

Takeo Hoshi, Henri H. and Tomoye Takahashi Senior Fellow in Japanese Studies, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Liyou Zha, Deputy Consul General of the People Public of China, San Francisco
Shouichi Nagayoshi, Deputy Consul General of Japan, San Francisco
Jimin Kim, Deputy Consul General of the Republic of Korea, San Francisco
Phillip Lipscy, TheThomas Rohlen Center Fellow, Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Associate Professor of Political Science
Prof. T. Hoshi, Mr. L. Zha, Mr. S. Nagayoshi, Mr. J. Kim and Prof. P. Lipscy

"Northeast Asia is now a central arena to determine the future of nuclear safety and security. The Fukushima nuclear accident, and its ongoing aftermath, is at the forefront of the debate over the utility of nuclear energy in resolving global issues of climate change and energy security. And North Korea’s headlong rush towards acquisition of nuclear weapons and delivery systems has sparked talk of going nuclear in both South Korea and China and discussion over how to provide extended deterrence, including the role of missile defense."

When diplomats stationing in a local city like San Francisco talk about national and international issues such as nuclear safety and security, all you can expect is what may be called "diplomatic talks." It was no exception this time, as the three diplomats claimed that their governments were doing their best in achieving "nuclear safety and security" by cooperating among the three countries, even in dealing with the "trust deficit" issue about nuclear safety and the "North Korea" issue about nuclear security.
Whenever they had to mention some unresolved problems, the key word "challenge" was used to avoid admission of inabilities or even failures in addressing such problems.
It turned out to be so obviously "diplomatic," when the three deputy consuls responded to the question from the floor, asking how their governments are dealing with the public's strong opposition to nuclear power, that is, the problem of seemingly increasing trust deficit: the Korean deputy consul said something like "educating people," and the Japanese deputy consul emphasized "dialogue with the public," while the Chinese deputy consul somewhat surprisingly that "the government listens and can change its mind in building nuclear plants," although that could happen only in some neighborhoods, but certainly not for the nation as a whole, as the Chinese diplomat himself initially presented that there were 27 nuclear power plants currently in operation, and 25 more under construction, which looks like a very aggressive pro-nuclear power policy.
Prof. Lipscy raised an interesting point regarding the possible implications of changing political atmosphere and shifting public opinions in the US regarding nuclear proliferation in Asia, but unfortunately there was no response from any panelist or even from the floor. Probably, we need another round of panel discussion, preferably by specialists, on such an issue.
(T. Miyao)

Stanford Colloquium:Japan's Great Earthquake & Nuclear Disaster: 5 Years Later" (March 10, 2016)

書評:櫛田健児『シリコンバレー発アルゴリズム革命の衝撃』 [Review]


著者:櫛田健児(スタンフォード・シリコンバレーNew Japan Project プロジェクトリーダー)

「シリコンバレー詣で」をする人のための必読書」: TM

Debate Manual: ディベートの手引き [ビデオ講義]

Debate Manuel: ディベートの手引き

"Debate Manual: How to Conduct Debate in Classroom" (in English)
Explained and illustrated by Takahiro Miyao


"Paul Revere's Ride": Music & Illustration by T. Miyao [Music]


Poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (January, 1861)
Music & Illustrations by Takahiro Miyao (June, 2016)

A Happy Fourth of July!

SVIF Seminar "Differences to Make a Successful Venture": 「成功できるベンチャーは何が違うのか」 [Report]

SVIF Seminar: Mitch Kitamura "Differences to Make Successful Venture"

Title タイトル: "Differences to Make a Successful Venture -- What to Do";
Speaker スピーカー: Mitch Kitamura; 北村充崇 (Managing Director, DraperNexus)
Date/Time 日時: May 13(F), 2016, 7:30-9:00pm; 5月13日(金)19:30~21:00
Venue 場所: Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, 650 Page Mill Road, Palo Alto, CA
Website ウェブサイト:

Mr. Kitamura's Presentation at SVIF Seminar; SVIFセミナーでの北村充崇氏のプレゼン
160513SVIFa16.jpg 160516SVIFb16.jpg
Based on his venture capitalist career for two decades, Mitch Kitamura (Managing Director of DraperNexus Ventures) made quite an impressive and informative presentation about recent trends in venture business in Silicon Valley at his SVIF seminar for mostly Japanese business audience in Northern California.
After identifying four target areas for current venture business, namely, big data-based insurance, autonomous vehicles, cyber security, and blockchain, he listed key factors which seem to differentiate successful ventures from unsuccessful ones -- (1) grit (or resolve), (2) persuasive story, and (3) fast growth.
On the other hand, the single most important reason for failure appears to be "no market lead", that is, no market demand for the new product developed by venture business, according to Mr. Kitamura.
However, there were quite a few questions about this statement from the audience, pointing out that at least some of the successful venture businesses made a success, exactly because there were no markets for their products until they produced and marketed -- so the question is how to resolve this dilemma for venture business.
Apparently no clear answer exists, but what Mr. Kitamura called the Silicon Valley Rules could give a good suggestion as to how to deal with this dilemma for future success in venture business: that is, (1) pay it forward: give and take, (2) do and build a thing, (3) open to feedback, and (4) be excited with what you do -- very good advice indeed.
(Reported by T. Miyao)

Stanford Seminar on” Immigration Policies”: スタンフォード・セミナー「移民政策について」 [Report]

Stanford OpenXChange Seminar: "Learning About Immigration Policies"

Title タイトル: "Learning Together About Immigration Policies & Experiences"
Panelists パネリスト :
Shanto Iyengar, Chair in Communication, Professor of Political Science and Director of the Political Communication Laboratory
Ana Minian, Assistant Professor, Department of History and the Center for Comparative Studies in Race and Ethnicity (CCSRE)
Greg Walton, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology
Date/Time 日時: May 12(Th) 15:30-17:00
Venue 場所: Branner Hall Lounge, Stanford
Website ウェブサイト:
Sponsored by 主催: OpenXChange, CCSRE, El Centro Y Chicano, Immigrants' Rights Law Clinic, Stanford Humanities Center, SIG, Stanford Law School

Panel at the Seminar in Branner Hall Lounge: セミナーでのパネリストのプレゼン
Report (English/Japanese):
At this interactive seminar, three panelists specializing in history and policy of immigration presented their views and analyses on the highly controversial issue, especially in the current presidential election year.
Reflecting their disciplines, their presentations and subsequent discussions tended to emphasize a close link between the immigration issue and racial problems within the context of US politics and policy choices, thus often resulting in rather short-term fluctuations in public interest and enthusiasm in this issue, as some panelist pointed out.
What is missing in this seminar as well as public discussion in the US seems to be the analysis and understanding of long-term cost and benefit of immigration, especially in economic terms, from the national and international viewpoint.
(Reported by T. Miyao)